Other types of specialized, single missile, shotgun ammunition include the breaching or Hatton cartridge and tear-gas rounds. Modern 12-gauge shotshells come in 2 ½-, 2 ¾-, 3-, and 3 ½-inch lengths, all holding different amounts of powder. This is something you especially want to bear in mind if you keep a shotgun for home defense. of 10% ordnance gelatin is one of the criteria needed to provide reliable incapacitation of a human assailant. They used to be made under bore diameter to allow safe passage through any degree of choke, from full to cylinder. That’s part of the reason why a pistol chambered for 25 ACP can fit in your sock. Shotgun Shell Sizes: Comparison Chart and Commonly Used Terms, Disclaimer Policy And FTC Affiliate Disclosure |. Traditional sabots can be accurate at greater distances. It is typically fired at a range of 4-6 in., aimed between the doorknob and door jamb, destroying the locking mechanism. Your choice of shotshell will depend on many factors, including what type of hunting or shooting you plan to do. These loads are essentially equivalent to the kind of loads used in modern, high performance muzzleloading rifles. Therefore, birdshot and buckshot are meant to be fired through smooth-bores. The 11, 15, 18, 2, and 3-gauge shells are rarest of all;[3] owners of these types of rare shotguns will usually have their ammunition custom loaded by a specialist in rare and custom bores. Wad – Different from rifles and pistols, a shot shell requires a wad in order to: (1) provide a small internal compartment to contain the propellant and keep it separate from the shot or projectile; and (2) provide a buffer that absorbs shock and minimizes deformation of the shot as it accelerates from rest to initial velocity. And P.S. Sighted to hit dead on at 50 yards, that slug is 4.8" low at 100 yards. These resemble Foster type slugs with one important difference: the wad remains attached to the base of the slug. This is the forcing cone. Your site will not accept my Email address, which is my own company domain. However, the advent of the 3.5 in (89 mm) 12-gauge shell, with its higher SAAMI pressure rating compared to standard 12-gauge guns, begin to approach the performance of the 10-gauge loads. The 12 gauge Core-Lokt Ultra sabot bullet is a .50 caliber, 385 grain HP semi-spitzer. Starting the article with a picture of a dummy shotgun shell doesn’t help either. This is actually kind of funny in an ironic way, as the one thing slugs do really well is penetrate brush. These distances only describe how far the shot column can travel. I truly enjoy the dialogue and answering reader’s questions. I found your site while researching my Red Letter Winchester.